P.S.1 Contemporary Art Center. “WACK!: Art and the Femenist Revolution”


02.17.08 through 05.10.08

The first comprehensive, historical exhibition to examine the international foundations and legacy of feminist art, WACK! focuses on 1965 to 1980, the crucial period during which the majority of feminist activism and art-making occurred in North America. The exhibition includes the work of approximately 100 artists from the United States, Central and Eastern Europe, Latin America, Asia, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Comprising work in a broad range of media, including painting, sculpture, photography, film, video and performance art, the exhibition is organized around themes based on media, geography, formal concerns, and collective aesthetic and political impulses. The exhibition is curated by MOCA Curator Connie Butler and is accompanied by a fully illustrated catalogue.

Artists in the Exhibition

Magdalena Abakanowicz
Marina Abramović
Carla Accardi
Chantal Akerman
Helena Almeida
Sonia Andrade
Eleanor Antin
Judith F. Baca
Mary Bauermeister
Lynda Benglis
Berwick Street Film Collective (Marc Karlin, Mary Kelly, James Scott, and Humphrey Trevelyan)
Camille Billops
Dara Birnbaum
Louise Bourgeois
Theresa Hak Kyung Cha
Judy Chicago
Lygia Clark
Tee Corinne
Sheila Levrant de Bretteville
Iole de Freitas
Niki de Saint Phalle, Jean Tinguely
and Per Olof Ultvedt
Jay DeFeo
Assia Djebar
Rita Donagh
Kirsten Dufour
Lili Dujourie
Mary Beth Edelson
Rose English
Jacqueline Fahey
Louise Fishman
Audrey Flack
Isa Genzken
Nancy Grossman
Barbara Hammer
Harmony Hammond
Margaret Harrison
Mary Heilmann
Lynn Hershman
Eva Hesse
Susan Hiller
Rebecca Horn
Alexis Hunter
Mako Idemitsu
Sanja Iveković
Joan Jonas
Kirsten Justesen
Mary Kelly
Joyce Kozloff
Friedl Kubelka
Shigeko Kubota
Yayoi Kusama
Suzanne Lacy
Suzy Lake
Ketty La Rocca
Maria Lassnig
Lesbian Art Project
Lee Lozano
Léa Lublin
Anna Maria Maiolino
Mònica Mayer
Ana Mendieta
Annette Messager
Marta Minujín and Richard Squires
Nasreen Mohamedi
Linda M. Montano
Ree Morton
Laura Mulvey and Peter Wollen
Alice Neel
Senga Nengudi
Ann Newmarch
Lorraine O’Grady
Pauline Oliveros
Yoko Ono
Ulrike Ottinger
Gina Pane
Catalina Parra
Ewa Partum
Howardena Pindell
Adrian Piper
Sylvia Plimack Mangold
Sally Potter
Yvonne Rainer
Ursula Reuter Christiansen
Lis Rhodes
Faith Ringgold
Ulrike Rosenbach
Martha Rosler
Betye Saar
Miriam Schapiro
Mira Schendel
Carolee Schneemann
Joan Semmel
Bonnie Sherk
Cindy Sherman
Katharina Sieverding
Sylvia Sleigh
Alexis Smith
Barbara T. Smith
Mimi Smith
Joan Snyder
Valerie Solanas
Annegret Soltau
Nancy Spero
Spiderwoman Theater
Lisa Steele
Cosey Fanni Tutti
Mierle Laderman Ukeles
Cecilia Vicuña
June Wayne
“Where We At” Black Women Artists
Colette Whiten
Faith Wilding
Hannah Wilke
Francesca Woodman
Nil Yalter, Judy Blum, and Nicole Croiset


WACK! Art and the Feminist Revolution
edited by Cornelia Butler and Lisa Gabrielle Mark
Co-published by The MIT Press

In the 1970s, women changed the way art was made and talked about forever. WACK! Art and the Feminist Revolution is a long-awaited international survey that chronicles the impact of the feminist revolution on art made between 1965 and 1980, featuring groundbreaking works by artists such as Chantal Akerman, Lynda Benglis, Theresa Hak Kyung Cha, Valie Export, Mary Heilman, Sanja Ivekovic, Ana Mendieta, and Annette Messager, who came of age during that period — as well as others such as Louise Bourgeois, Judy Chicago, Sheila Levrant de Bretteville, Lucy Lippard, Alice Neel, and Yoko Ono, whose careers were well established.

The book opens with a rich, full-color plate section in which works by over 120 artists are grouped into themes, including Abstraction, Body as Medium, Family Stories, Gender Performance, Knowledge as Power, and Making Art History. Highlights include the figurative paintings of Joan Semmel; the performance and film collaborations of Sally Potter and Rose English; the untitled film stills of Cindy Sherman; and the large-scale, craft-based sculptures of Magdalena Abakanowicz. Written entries on each artist offer key biographical and descriptive information, while accompanying essays by leading critics, art historians, and scholars offer a fresh look at feminist art practice from a cross-cultural perspective. Topics such as the relationship between American and European feminism, feminism and New York abstraction, women’s art under the Pinochet dictatorship, and mapping a global feminism provide a broad social context for the artworks themselves.

Working in a diverse range of media, including painting, sculpture, installation, performance, photography, film, and video, the artists in WACK! made feminism one of the most important influences on art of the late twentieth century.


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